Vodafone interprets the weight of scientific evidence in accordance with "Reference Reviews."

A scientific review must meet several criteria for Vodafone to consider it a Reference Review. Such reviews:

  • Have a scope relevant to mobile telecommunications and health;
  • Are conducted under the auspices of a national or international health agency by a panel of experts;
  • Consider the range of evidence available from cited peer-reviewed sources covering the scope of the review;
  • Apply review and risk assessment criteria consistent with the WHO approach to health based risk assessment as reflected in the guideline setting approach of ICNIRP; and,
  • Post-date the ICNIRP 1998 guidelines.

The following table lists such Reference Reviews and contains links (where available) to where they may be obtained.

Please note: This page contains links to third party websites. Vodafone is not responsible for the content of external internet sites, and cannot guarantee the availability of these links or that they will be error free. If you find a broken link please notify us.

Published Country Organisation (links) Title
Mar 2015 Sweden SSM The Swedish Scientific Council on EMF (Strålsäkerhetsmyndigheten, SSM) published itstenth annual report on EMF and health in March 2015
May 2014 Sweden SSM The Swedish Scientific Council on EMF (Strålsäkerhetsmyndigheten, SSM) published itsninth report on EMF in May 2014.
June 2013 Netherlands Health Council of Netherlands Mobile phones and cancer. Part 1: Epidemiology of tumours in the head. The Hague: Health Council of the Netherlands, 2013; publication no. 2013/11
May 2013 Sweden SSM Eighth report from SSM's Scientific Council on Electromagnetic Fields, 2013, Swedish Radiation Safety Authority
April 2013 International IARC IARC Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, Non-ionizing Radiation, Part 2: Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields, volume 102
October 2012 International European Health Risk Assessment Network on Electromagnetic Fields Exposure (EFHRAN)  D2 – Risk analysis of human exposure to electromagnetic fields revised
April 2012 UK AGNIR Health Effects from Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, Report of the independent Advisory Group on Non-ionising Radiation
October 2011 The Netherlands Health Council of the Netherlands  Influence of radiofrequency telecommunication signals on children’s brains
July 2011 International ICNIRP Mobile phones, brain tumours and the Interphone Study: Where are we now?
January 2011 Sweden SSM Recent Research on EMF and Health Risk. Seventh Annual Report from SSM’s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2010. Swedish Radiation Safety Authority
October 2010 International Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute and University of Basel for the WHO  Systematic review on the health effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure from mobile phone base stations
July 2010 International European Health Risk Assessment Network on Electromagnetic Fields Exposure (EFHRAN)  D3 - Report on the analysis of risks associated to exposure to EMF: in vitro and in vivo(animals) studies
February 2010 Sweden SSM  Recent Research on EMF and Health Risks. Sixth Annual Report from SSM’s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2009. Swedish Radiation Safety Authority
Juy 2009 International ICNIRP Exposure to high frequency electromagnetic fields, biological effects and health consequences (100 kHz-300 GHz)
April 2009 Canada Health Canada  Recent advances in research on radiofrequency fields and health: 2004-2007
March 2009 Netherlands The Health Council of the Netherlands Electromagnetic Fields: Annual Update 2008. The Hague: Health Council of the Netherlands, 2008; publication no. 2009/02
Jan-uary 2009 EU SCENIHR (EU) Health Effects of Exposure to EMF
March 2008 Sweden SSI Recent Research on EMF and Health Risks. Fifth Annual Report from SSI’s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2007. Swedish Radiation Protection Authority
December 2007 Finland HERMO HERMO - Health Risk Assessment of Mobile Communications. A Finnish Research Programme 2004-2007
September 2007 UK UK MTHR Mobile Telecommunications and Health Research Programme Report 2007
June 2007 Canada Health Canada  Recent advances in research on radiofrequency fields and health 2001-2003
March 2007 EC SCENIHR (EU) Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) Opinion on Possible effects of Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) on Human Health
March 2007 Ireland Department of Communications, Marine and Natural Resources, Ireland Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields
March 2007 Sweden SSI Recent Research on EMF and Health Risks. Fourth annual report from SSI’s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2006
February 2007 Netherlands Health Council of the Netherlands Electromagnetic Fields: Annual Update 2006
March 2006 Sweden SSI  Recent Research on EMF and Health Risks. Third annual report from SSI’s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2005
November 2005 Netherlands Health Council of the Netherlands Electromagnetic Fields: Annual Update 2005
May 2005 France AFSSE Telephonie mobile et sante. Report to the AFSSE on mobile telephony & health 2004-2005 edition (English translation not available)
January 2005 UK NRPB Documents of the NRPB: Volume 15, No. 5 - Mobile Phones and Health 2004
December 2004 UK NRPB Documents of the NRPB: Volume 15, No. 3 - Review of the Scientific Evidence for Limiting Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields (0–300 GHz)
Dec-04 International ICNIRP Epidemiology of health effects of radiofrequency exposure
Dec-04 Sweden SSI Recent Research on Mobile Telephony and Health Risks – Second annual report from SSI's Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2004 (Now available as Part 2 SSI Rapport 2005:1)
Jan-04 Netherlands Health Council of the Netherlands Electromagnetic Fields: Annual Update 2003
Jan-04 Netherlands Health Council of the Netherlands Mobile phones and children: Is precaution warranted?
Jan-04 UK AGNIR Documents of the NRPB: Volume 14, No. 2 - Health Effects from Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields: Report of an independent Advisory Group on Non-ionising Radiation
Dec-03 Sweden SSI Recent Research on Mobile Telephony and Cancer and Other Selected Biological Effects: First annual report from SSI’s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields (Now available as Part 1 SSI Rapport 2005:1)
Sep-02 Sweden SSI Epidemiologic Studies of Cellular Telephones and Cancer Risk – A Review, Boice and McLaughlin, Swedish Radiation Protection Authority (SSI), No. 16, September 2002
May-02 Australia ARPANSA Protection standard for maximum exposure levels to radiofrequency fields 3KHz to 300 GHz. Radiation Protection Series No3, inc. errata 8 May 2003
Jan-02 Netherlands Health Council of the Netherlands Mobile telephones: an evaluation of health effects
Dec-01 International ICNIRP Review of the Epidemiologic Literature on EMF and Health, ICNIRP (International Commission for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection), Standing Committee on Epidemiology, Environmental Perspectives 109(S6): pp 911-934, December 2001 (PDF)
May-01 Netherlands Health Council of the Netherlands Electromagnetic Fields: Annual Update 2001
Feb-01 Canada Health Canada  Potential health risks of radiofrequency fields from wireless telecommunications devices
Feb-01 Canada Health Canada Recent advances in research on radiofrequency fields and health
Jan-01 France French Expert Group (‘Zmirou’) Report  Les téléphones mobiles, leurs stations de base et la santé (English translation not available)
Jun-00 Netherlands Electromagnetic Fields Committee of the Health Council of the Netherlands GSM Base Stations
May-00 UK Independent Expert Group on Mobile Phones (IEGMP) Stewart report Mobile Phones and Health, Independent Expert Group on Mobile Phones (IEGMP – Stewart Report), 28 April 2000
Apr-98 International International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection ICNIRP Guidelines for Limiting Exposure to Time-Varying Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields (up to 300 GHz), International Commission for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), Health Physics 74(4):494-522, April 1998